Lasik surgery

Lasik Surgery


Lasik surgery is performed to correct hyperopia, myopia and astigmatism. A highly specialized laser is used to reshape the cornea. This improves vision and reduces/eliminates need for corrective eye wear. The surgery is done only on patients aged 18 years or more.

 

Why it is needed

Conditions in which Lasik surgery is prescribed:

  • Myopia, short-sightedness or near-sightedness
  • Hyperopia, far-sightedness or long-sightedness
  • Astigmatism

 

Facts and Figures

  • Lasik was developed by Dr. loannis Pallikaris, in 1991
  • Approx 9 million Lasik surgeries have been carried out in US since 1995
  • More than 700,000 Lasik surgeries are performed every year, according to American Academy of Ophthalmology (2009)
  • Eyeglasses are preferred by most people to cure  refractive error

 

Advantages

  • Lasik corrects most cases of hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness), and astigmatism
  • Lasik is painless and takes only 10-15 minutes
  • Results achieved in single procedure
  • Surgery improves vision as well as the quality of life

 

Disadvantages

  • Sometimes, poor result of Lasik may result in vision problems, such as halos and glare
  • Eye dryness
  • Patients above 45 might require reading glasses

 

Risks and Complications

  • Scarring and corneal infection
  • Misshapen cornea
  • Decreased distance vision at high altitudes
  • Patient can’t wear contact lenses
  • Loss of vision
  • Contrast sensitivity decreases

 

Pre-operative preparation

  • Patients who wear soft contacts have to stop using them for 5-21 pre-surgery
  • Full eye exam
  • Inform about previous eye treatment or surgery. Find out list of medicines allowed before surgery
  • Stop smoking. Inform surgeon about alcohol and smoking habits
  • Use eye drops on time, everyday, as prescribed
  • Arrange work-leave, help at home post surgery as well as help with driving
  • No eating or drinking after midnight before the surgery
  • Medical tourists should book a comfortable hotel room to recuperate post surgery

 

Post-operative care

  • After surgery, eye shield or patch is put to protect the eye, and also to prevent touching and rubbing of eye
  • Patient has to wear dark glasses outside
  • Blurry vision, burning, itching of eye can occur immediately post surgery

 

Do’s, Don’ts and Precautions

  • Do sleep adequately
  • Do be regular in follow up visits
  • Do use eye drops as prescribed (will prevent infection)
  • Don’t drive till your vision returns to normal
  • Don’t play contact sports for minimum 2 weeks
  • Don’t go swimming/hot tub for about 2 weeks
  • Don’t use eye creams and makeup up to 2 weeks