Dental implants

Dental Implants


Dental implant is an artificial tooth which replaces the missing natural tooth. Dental implants are best option for those who have lost their teeth due to decay or accidental decay. They have a better natural look than the alternative tooth replacement. They also function better than dentures or bridges.

Why  is it needed?

Dental implants are advised for

  • Lost teeth due to injury or decay
  • Cosmetic purposes

Procedure details

  • It involves 2 major stages, separated by 3 months of healing time
  • Dental implant surgery – Implants are placed into jaw bone
  • Implant restoration – Crown is built over the dental implants

Facts and Figures

  • According to a study in US, approx 300,000 – 428,000 procedures are performed annually
  • Heavy smokers have high failure rate than non-smokers
  • By age 74, 26% adults lose all their teeth. Between ages 35-44, 69% adults lose at least one permanent tooth due to gum disease, accident, failed root canal or tooth decay

Advantages

  • Dental implants feel and look like natural teeth, improving appearance of teeth
  • Enhances self-esteem, more convenient
  • Improves comfort and speech, makes chewing easier
  • Longer life span, provided good oral hygiene is maintained
  • rocedure takes less time. Dental tourist can return home in 2-3 days and return for second visit according to dentist’s instruction

Disadvantages

  • Rejection of dental implant
  • Poor placing of dental implants
  • Dental implant failure or breakage
  • Bone loss near dental implant site

Risks and Complications

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Swelling, pain and bruising of face and gums
  • Nerve damage or injury to surrounding structure
  • Reaction to medicine or anesthesia

Pre-operative preparation

  • Visiting dentist to know about procedure and post procedure
  • Informing dentist about allergies, smoking or alcohol habits
  • Tooth X-ray
  • Get list of medicines to be stopped or taken
  •  Arrange for someone as caregiver after procedure
  • No drinking/eating anything night before

Post-operative care

  • Patient may be uncomfortable which disappears in a day. Medicines have to be taken as instructed
  • Swelling, pain at implant site
  • Follow instructions by dentist to avoid minor bleeding, bruising etc

Do’s, Don’ts and Precautions

  • Do follow proper teeth cleaning regimen
  • Do take the antibiotic as instructed
  • Do eat only soft food for 7 days
  • Don’t do any physical activity for 3 days
  • Don’t drink tea, nicotine, alcohol for 3 days
  • Don’t push the tongue on implant for 2-4 weeks
  • Avoid hot food and liquids for some days
  • Reduce swelling with ice and medication
  • Apply warm and moist towel at implant site to get relief from soreness, swelling, stiffness in jaw muscles