Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy


The Colonoscopy is performed to examine and view the rectum and colon. This procedure helps to treat intestinal problems like colon cancer or inflammatory diseases.

Preparations for the procedure

  •  A day or two before the procedure, the patient will be put on a liquid diet. This is called as bowel preparation. The patient may also be given enema to prepare the bowel for the procedure.
  • Before the procedure, the patient will be advised to keep 8-10 hours of gap from the last meal. 
  • It would be advisable to get someone along with you to drive you home after the procedure.

During the procedure

  •    A Colonoscopy generally lasts between 30-60 minutes and does not require admission in the hospital
  •   The patient would have to change into an examination gown and lay down on the left side with knees bent.
  •   Pain medications and sedatives will be given to the patient via IV through the arm.
  •   For proper guidance, the surgeon will use the colonoscope by inserting it into the rectum. This flexible and long instrument, ½” in diameter and is equipped with a fiber optic camera.
  • Small growths and tissue samples will be collected/removed with the help of special tools/attachments.
  • The patient can go home after the sedation wears off.
  • He or she may experience cramping, flatulence or even slight bleeding after the procedure.

Risk and Complications

  • Although it is very rare, complications may develop if there is a removal of polyp.
  • Some of the other complications could be due to a reaction to the medication, bleeding and perforation.

Uses of the colonoscopy

  • As a screening test for early detection of colorectal cancer and taking a biopsy sample if needed
  • Removal of polyp
  • Evaluating the symptoms of certain inflammatory bowel diseases due to rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, sudden change in bowel habits and non-dietary weight loss

Travelers guide

  • Medical tourists would have to undergo bowel preparations a day or two before the procedure
  • Tourists can go back home after full recovery
  • Patients should not drive for 24 hours due to the effects of the sedation